Cbse class 10th sample papers, English communicative sample papers, English set 2 solved sample papers, 2009 eng sample papers, practice sample papers 2008, set two English communicative sample papers

English sometimes becomes a difficult paper to crack. We make your task easy.

We provide you with previous years English communicative set 2.You can now practise them and prepare yourself for the coming board examinations.

Wish you luck.

For CBSE Class 10th English Communicative Set 2 Sample Paper | Class Xth English Sample Papers kindly click the following link – http://cbse.nic.in/curric~1/qp-engcomm-x-2-2008.pdf


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For all the students who will appear for the CBSE Board Class 10th Examination we provide you with English communicative set 1 sample papers of the year 2008.

This would enable you to have a look at the pattern of paper and kinds of questions asked in the board examinations.

Wishing you all the very best.

For CBSE Class 10th English Communicative Set 1 Sample Paper | Class Xth English Sample Papers kindly click the following link –



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Mathematics is always considered the most scoring subjects. It is the most awaited paper for those who have a command on it and most dreadful for those who loath it.

Whatever the case may be it is an important subject as it contributes maximum in building up the percentage rather grades from this year onwards.

We provide you with the mathematics sample paper that would help you to practice questions for outstanding grades.

Wishing you all the very best.

For CBSE Class 10th Mathematics Sample Paper | Class Xth Maths Sample Papers kindly click the following link –



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For all the students who will appear for the CBSE Board Class 10th Examination we provide you with Science and Technology Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) sample papers of the year 2008.

For CBSE Class 10th Science And Technology MCQs Sample Paper | Class Xth Science And Technology Multiple Choice Questions Sample Papers kindly click the following links - http://onlineteachers.co.in/zipped/10science_mcq_question_paper_2008.pdf


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Students appearing for their CBSE Board Class 10th Examination may go through the previous year papers to know more about the types of questions asked in board examinations.

We provide you with sample papers of science and technology that would help you to have a look at questions asked in biology, physics, chemistry and others in boards.

Wish you good luck.

For CBSE Class 10th Science And Technology Sample Paper | Class Xth Science And Technology Sample Papers kindly click the following links –




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For all the students who will appear for the CBSE Board Class 10th Examination for the year 2010 we provide you with social studies sample papers of the year 2008 and 2009.

This would enable you to have a look at the pattern of paper and kinds of questions asked in the board examinations.

Wishing you all the very best.

For CBSE Class 10th Social Science Sample Paper | Class Xth SST Sample Papers kindly click the following links –






Cbse result 2010, cbse board xth results 2010, cbse result 2010 ,class 10th board result

The Central Board Of Secondary Education conducts the board examination for Classes 10th and 12th every year in March.

The datesheet and timetable for the year 2010 will be declared in last week of December.

Board examinations would commence from 3rd March 2010 (Wednesday).

The results would be announced in the second week of May 2010.

The results will be made available here as and when they are declared by the Central Board Of Secondary Education.


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According to the latest information the Central Board Of Secondary Education Examination for Class 10th will commence from 3rd March' 2010 (Wednesday).The Board will declare the 10th Exam timetable for the year 2010 in last week of December.

For more information and latest updates on CBSE Board 10th Exam Timetable 2010 | Central Board Of Secondary Education Class X Time Table kindly visit the official website – www.cbse.nic.in


Cbse datesheet 2010, cbse board xth date sheet 2010, cbse 2010 datesheet,class 10th board datesheet

CBSE has come up with some relaxation for students appearing for their 10th Board examination. The board has changed the pattern and introduced grading system for students facing their first board examinations.

According to the latest information the Central Board Of Secondary Education Examination for Class 10th will commence from 3rd March' 2010 (Wednesday. The board will declare the 10th Exam date sheet for the year 2010 in last week of December.

For more information and latest updates on CBSE Board 10th Exam Date Sheet 2010 | Central Board Of Secondary Education Class X Datesheet kindly visit the official website – www.cbse.nic.in


Cbse board exams, board timetable, board results 2010

In 1929 the Government of India suggested to set up a joint board named as ‘ Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana.’

The setting up of this board resulted in expansion and growth at the level of secondary education but this was confined to limited states.

In 1952 , the constitution of the Board was amended wherein its jurisdiction was extended to part-C and Part-D territories and the Board was renamed as ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’.

The board follows a decentralized approach for effective and efficient functional and has its regional offices and has its regional offices in different parts of the country. The regional offices are located in Delhi, Guwahati, Panchkula Allahabad , Ajmer, and Chennai.

CBSE does not take any grant-in-aid either from the central government or any other sources. It is a self-financing body.

The prime focus of the board is on developing and updating the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators and devising innovative teaching-learning methodologies.

Its objectives are to conduct public examinations at the end of class 10th and 12th and grant qualifying certificates to students who clear these examinations from the affiliated institutions. It affiliates institutions to raise the academic standards and to fulfill educational requirements of students whose parents are in transferable jobs.

For more information on CBSE Board | Central Board Of Secondary Education kindly visit the official website - www.cbse.nic.in


bsnl, bsnl jto recruitment 2009, bsnl jto exam result, bsnl jto 2009 result, bsnl jto exam result 2009

BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited) will announce the BSNL JTO exam 2009 results on October 27th, 2009. The BSNL JTO Exam Results can be viewed after 6 Pm at www.bsnl.co.in on October .

BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited) had taken the written Test to recruit as many as 3500 JTO (Junior Telecom Officer) on June 2009. Since then the candidates were eagerly waiting for the JTO results. All the best!!!


AIPMT Pre exam syllabus, CBSE PMT exam Physics, Chemistry, Biology syllabus and pattern

The Central Board Of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi, will conduct the All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination (AIPMT),2010 pre exam on April 03, 2010, 10.00 A.M to 1.00 P.M and AIPMT main exam on May 16, 2010, 10.00 A.M to 1.00 P.M. Here is the comprehensive syllabus for AIPMT 2010 pre and main exam.

AIPMT physics Syllabus for Pre and Main exam

Unit : 1 Introduction and Measurement

What is Physics? Scope and excitement; Physics in relation to science, society and technology; Need for measurement of physical quantities, units for measurement, systems of units-SI : fundamental and derived units. Dimensions of physical quantities. Dimensional analysis and its applications. Orders of magnitude, Accuracy and errors in measurement – random and instrumental errors, Significant figures and rounding off the numbers.

Graphs, Trigonometric functions, Concepts of differentiation and integration.

Unit : 2 Description of Motion in One Dimension

Objects in motion in one dimension, Motion in straight line, Uniform and non-uniform motion, its graphical representation and formulae, speed and velocity, relative velocity, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time graph, position-time graph and their formulae. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion with examples. Acceleration in one-dimensional motion.

Unit : 3 Description of Motion in Two and Three Dimensions

Vectors and scalars quantities, vectors in two and three dimensions, vector addition and multiplication by a real number, null-vector and its properties. Resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components. Scalar and vector products. Motion in two dimensions, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, general relation among position-velocity-acceleration for motion in a plane and uniform circular motion. Motion of objects in three dimensional space (elementary ideas).

Unit : 4 Laws of Motion

Force and inertia, first law of motion. Momentum, second law of motion, impulse, examples of different kinds of forces in nature. Third law of motion, conservation of momentum, rocket propulsion. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic frictions, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication, Inertial and non-inertial frames (elementary ideas).

Unit : 5 Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and by a variable force, unit of work, energy and power. Work Energy Theorem. Elastic and in-elastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Notions of potential energy, conservation of mechanical energy : gravitational potential energy, and its conversion to kinetic energy, potential energy of a spring. Conservative forces. Different forms of energy, mass-energy equivalence, conservation of energy.

Unit : 6 Rotational Motion

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of rigid body, general motion of a rigid body, nature of rotational motion, rotational motion of a single particle in two dimensions only, torque, angular momentum and its geometrical and physical meaning, conservation of angular momentum, examples of circular motion (car on a level circular road, car on banked road, pendulum swinging in a vertical plane). Moment of inertia, its physical significance, moment inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes, parallel axis and perpendicular axis theorem (statements only), Comparison between translatory (linear) and rotational motion.

Unit : 7 Gravitation

Acceleration due to gravity, one and two dimensional motion under gravity. Universal law of gravitation, inertial and gravitational mass, variations in the acceleration due to gravity of the earth, statement of Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, orbital velocity, geostationary satellites, gravitational potential, gravitational potential energy near the surface of earth, escape velocity, weightlessness.

Unit : 8 Heat and Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium and temperature ( zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. Specific heat, specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure of ideal gas and relation between them. First law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic state, equation of state and isothermals, pressure-temperature phase diagram. Thermodynamic processes (reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic). Carnot cycle, second law of thermodynamics, efficiency of heat engines. Entropy. Transfer of heat : conduction, convection and radiation. Newton ’s law of cooling.

Thermal conductivity. Black body radiation, Wien’s law, Solar constant and surface temperature of the sun, Stefan’s law,

Unit : 9 Oscillations

Periodic and oscillatory motions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation of motion. Oscillations due to a spring, kinetic energy and potential energy in S.H.M., Simple pendulum, physical concepts of forced oscillations, resonance and damped oscillations; Simple examples.

Unit : 10 Waves

Longitudinal and transverse waves and wave motion, speed of progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves; reflection of waves, harmonic waves (qualitative treatment only), standing waves. Normal modes and its graphical representation. Beats, Doppler effect.

Unit : 11 Electrostatics

Frictional electricity, charges and their conservation, unit of charge, Coulomb’s law, dielectric constant, electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric potential – its physical meaning, potential due to a di-pole, di-pole field and behaviour of dipole in a uniform (2-dimensional) electric field. Flux, Statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find electric field due to uniformly charged simple systems. Conductors and insulators, presence of free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, Capacitance (parallel plate), Dielectric material and its effect on capacitance (concept only), capacitances in series and parallel, energy of a capacitor. Van de Graff generator.

Unit : 12 Current Electricity

Introduction (flow of current), sources of e.m.f., cells : simple, secondary, chargeable, combinations of cells in series and parallel. Electric current, resistance of different materials, temperature dependence, thermistor, specific resistivity, colour code for carbon resistors. Ohm’s law and its limitation. Superconductors (elementary ideas). Kirchoff’s laws, resistances in series and parallel, Wheatstone’s bridge, measurement of resistance. Potentiometer – measurement of e.m.f. and internal resistance of a cell.

Unit : 13 Thermal and Chemical Effects of Currents

Electric power, heating effects of current and Joule’s law. Thermoelectricity: Seebeck effect, measurement of temperature using thermocouple. Chemical effects and Faraday’s laws of electrolysis.

Unit : 14 Magnetic Effect of Currents

Oersted’s observation, Biot-Savart’s law (magnetic field due to an element of current), magnetic field due to a straight wire, circular loop and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field (Lorentz force), cyclotron (simple idea), forces and torques on currents in a magnetic field, forces between two currents, definition of ampere, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter and voltmeter. Conversion of galvanometer into voltmeter/ammeter.

Unit : 15 Magnetism

Bar magnet (comparison with a solenoid), magnetic lines of force, torque on a bar magnet in a magnetic field, earth’s magnetic field as a bar magnet, tangent galvanometer, vibration magnetometer. Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples (simple idea). Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

Unit : 16 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction, Lenz’s Law, induced emf, self and mutual inductance. Alternating current, and voltage, impedance and reactance; A.C. circuits containing inductance, capacitance and resistance; phase relationships, and power in a.c. circuits, L.C oscillations. Electrical machines and devices (transformer, induction coil, generator, simple motors, choke and starter), eddy current.

Unit : 17 Electromagnetic Waves (Qualitative Treatment)

Electromagnetic oscillations, brief history of electromagnetic waves (Maxwell, Hertz, Bose, Marconi). Electromagnetic spectrum (radio, micro-waves, infra-red, optical, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses, propagation of electromagnetic waves in atmosphere.

Unit : 18 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray optics as a limiting case of wave optics. Phenomena of reflection, refraction, and total internal reflection. Optical fibre. Curved mirrors, lenses; mirror and lens formulae. Dispersion by a prism. Spectrometer. Absorption and emission spectra. Scattering and formation of rainbow. Telescope (astronomical), microscope, their magnifications and resolving powers.

Unit : 19 Electrons and Photons

Discovery of electron, e/m for an electron, electrical conduction in gases, photoelectric effect, particle nature of light, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, photocells. Matter waves – wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davison and Germer experiment.

Unit : 20 Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei

Rutherford model of the atom, Bohr model, energy quantization. Hydrogen spectrum. Composition of nucleus, atomic masses, binding energy per nucleon of a nucleus, its variation with mass number, isotopes, size of nucleus. Radioactivity : properties of a, b and g rays. Mass energy relation, nuclear fission and fusion.

Unit : 21 Solids and Semiconductor Devices

Crystal structure-Unit cell; single, poly and liquid crystals (concepts only). Energy bands in solids, difference between conductors, insulators and semi-conductors using band theory. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors,
p-n junction, semiconductor diodes, junction transistor, diode as rectifier, solar cell, photo diode, LED, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, transistor as an amplifier and oscillator. Combination of gates. Elementary ideas about IC.

AIPMT CHEMISTRY Syllabus for Pre and Main exam

Unit : 1 Some basic concepts in Chemistry

Importance of Chemistry, physical quantities and their measurement in Chemistry, SI Units, uncertainty in measurements and use of significant figures, Unit and dimensional analysis, Matter and its nature, laws of chemical combinations, atomic, and molecular, masses mole concept, molar masses, percentage composition and molecular formula, chemical stoichiometry.

Unit : 2 States of matter

Three states of matter, gaseous state, gas laws (Boyle’s Law and Charles Law), Avogadro’s Law, Grahams’Law of diffusion, Dalton’s law of partial pressure, ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases, real gases and deviation from ideal behaviour, van der Waals’ equation, liquefaction of gases and critical points, Intermolecular forces; liquids and solids.

Unit : 3 Atomic structure

Earlier atomic models (Thomson’s and Rutherford) , emission spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr’s model, of hydrogen atom, Limitations of Bohr’s model, dual nature of matter and radiation, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, quantum mechanical model of atom (quantum designation of atomic orbitals and electron energy in terms of principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers), electronic spin and spin quantum numbers, Pauli’s exclusion principle, general idea of screening (constants) of outer electrons by inner electrons in an atom, Aufbau principle, Hund’s rule, atomic orbitals and their pictorial representation, electronic configurations of elements.

Unit : 4 Classification of elements and periodicity in properties

Need and genesis of classification of elements (from Doebereiner to Mendeleev), Modern periodic law and present form of periodic table, Nomenclature of elements with atomic number > 100, electronic configurations of elements and periodic table, electronic configuration and types of elements and s, p, d and f blocks, periodic trends in properties of elements (atomic size, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence/ oxidation states and chemical reactivity).

Unit : 5 Chemical energetics

Some basic concepts in thermodynamics, first law of thermodynamics, heat capacity, measurement of DU and DH, calorimetry, standard enthalpy changes, thermochemical equations, enthalpy changes during phase transformations, Hess’s Law, standard enthalpies of formation, bond enthalpies and calculations based on them.

Unit : 6 Chemical bonding

Kossel -Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, ionic bonds, covalent bonds, polarity of bonds and concept of electronegativity, valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory , shapes of simple molecules, valence bond theory, hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of molecules s and p bonds; Molecular orbital theory involving homounclear diatomic molecules; Hydrogen-bonding.

Unit : 7 Equilibrium

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium and equilibrium constant, homogeneous equilibrium, heterogenous equilibrium, application of equilibrium constants, Relationship between reaction quotient Q, equilibrium constant, K and Gibbs’ energy G; factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chateliar’s principle.

Ionic equilibrium

Acids, Bases and Salts and their ionization, weak and strong electrolytes degree of ionization and ionization constants, concept of pH, ionic product of water, buffer solution, common ion effect, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products.

Unit : 8 Redox reactions

Electronic concepts of reduction - oxidation, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.

Unit : 9 Solid state Chemistry

Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids; unit cells in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of a unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.

Unit : 10 Chemical thermodynamics

Spontaneous processes, energy and spontaneity , entropy and second law of thermodynamics, concept of absolute entropy, Gibbs energy and spontaneity, Gibbs energy change and equilibrium constant.

Unit : 11 Solutions

Types of solutions, different units for expressing concentration of solution, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), definitions of dilute solutions, vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law, Colligative properties, lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling points and osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal values of molecular masses, van’t Hoff factor. simple numerical problems.

Unit : 12 Chemical kinetics

Rate of chemical reactions, factors, affecting rates of reactions –concentration, temperature and catalyst, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law and rate constant, differential and integral forms of first order reaction, half-life (only zero and first order) characteristics of first order reaction, effect of temperature on reactions, Arrhenius theory - activation energy, collision theory of reaction rate (no derivation).

Unit : 13 Electrochemistry

Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variation of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), electrolytic and galvanic cells, emf. of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation, concentration cell, fuel cells, cell potential and Gibbs energy, dry cell and lead accumulator.

Unit : 14 Surface chemistry

Adsorption - physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogeneous and heterogeneous activity and selectivity, enzyme catalysis, colloidal state, distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic, multimolecular and macromolecular colloids, properties of colloids, Tyndal effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsions - type of emulsions.

Unit :15 Hydrogen

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes of hydrogen, heavy water, hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions and structures; hydrides and their classification.

Unit :16 s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth metals):

Group 1 and Group 2 elements

Electronic configurations and general trends in physical and chemical properties, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship.

Preparation and properties of some important compounds, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydrogen carbonate and industrial uses of lime and limestone, biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

Unit :17 General principles and processes of isolation of elements

Principles and methods of extraction - concentration, reduction, (chemical and electrolytic methods), and refining.

Occurrence and principles of extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe.

Unit :18 p-Block Elements

Introduction to p-block elements

Electronic configurations and general trends in properties, viz. atomic sizes, ionization enthalpies, electronegativity values, electron gain enthalpies and oxidation states across the periods and down the groups in the p-block.

Unique behaviour of the top element in each group of the block - the covalency limit and the pp - pp overlap in some molecules (e.g. N2, O2) and its consequences; general trend in catenation tendency down each group.

Group-wise study of the p-block Elements

Group 13 - In addition to the general characteristics as outlined above, properties and uses of aluminium, nature of hydrides/ halides and oxides; Properties, structures and uses of diborane boron halides, aluminium chloride, borax, boric acid and alums.

Group 14 - In addition to the general characteristics; carbon – catenation, allotropic forms (diamond and graphite), properties and structures of oxides; silicon - silicon tetrachloride, and structures and uses of silicates, silicones and zeolites.

Group 15 - In addition to the general characteristics, the general trends in the nature and structures of hydrides, halides and oxides of these elements. Preparation and properties of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and halides of phosphorus, structures of the oxoacids of phosphorus.

Group 16 - In addition to the general characteristics, preparations, properties and uses of dioxygen, simple oxides, ozone; sulphur - allotropic forms, compounds of sulphur, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid, industrial preparations of sulphuric acid, structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group 17 - In addition to the general characteristics, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, oxides and oxoacids of halogens (structures only), preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides. Interhalogen compounds (structures only).

Group 18 - General introduction, electronic configurations, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties and uses, - fluorides and oxides of xenon (structures only).

Unit :19 The d-and f-Block elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals –physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic property, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; preparations and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Unit :20 Coordination compounds

Introduction to ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties, and shapes; IUPAC - nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism , bonding-valence bond approach to the bonding and basic ideas of Crystal Field Theory, colour and magnetic properties. Elementary ideas of metal - carbon bonds and organometallic compounds, importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems).

Unit :21 Some basic principles of Organic Chemistry

- Tetravalence of carbon, hybridization ( s and p ), shapes of simple molecules, functional groups:-C=C-, -CC-and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; homologous series, isomerism.

- General introduction to naming organic compounds-trivial names and IUPAC nomenclature.

- Electronic displacement in a covalent bond; inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation. Fission of covalent bond: free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles, carbocations and carbonanions.

- Common types of organic reactions: substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions.

Unit :22 Hydrocarbons

Alkanes and cycloalkanes : classification of hydrocarbons, alkanes and cycloalkanes, nomenclature and conformations of alkanes and cycloalkanes.

Alkenes and alkynes : Nomenclature and isomerism, general methods of preparation, properties (physical and chemical), mechanism of electrophilic addition, Markownikoff’s rule, peroxide effect, acidic character of alkynes, polymerisation reactions.
Aromatic hydrocarbons : Benzene and its homologues, nomenclature, sources of aromatic hydrocarbons (coal and petroleum), structure of benzene, chemical reaction of benzene-mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Directive influence of substituents and their effect on reactivity.
Petroleum and petrochemicals : Composition of crude oil fractionation and uses, quality of gasoline, LPG, CNG, cracking and reforming, petrochemicals.

Unit :23 Purification and characterization of carbon compounds

- Purification of carbon compounds : filtration, crystallisation, sublimation, distillation chromatography,

- Qualitative analysis : detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

- Quantitative analysis : estimation of different elements (H, N, halogens, S and P)

- Determination of molecular masses : Silver salt method, chloroplatinate salt method, calculations of empirical and molecular formulas.

Unit :24 Organic compounds with functional groups containing halogens (X)

- Nature of C-X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes, nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, reactivity of C-X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes.

- Some commercially important compounds : dichloro, trichloro and tetrachloromethanes; p-dichlorobenzene, freons, BHC, DDT, their uses and important reactions.

Unit :25 Organic compounds with functional groups containing oxygen

Alcohols and phenols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; chemical reactivity of phenols in electrophilic substitutions, acidic nature of phenol, ethers: electronic structure, structure of functional group, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, some commercially important compounds.

Aldehydes and ketones : Electronic structure of carbonyl group, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions, relative reactivity of aldehydic and ketonic groups, acidity of a-hydrogen, aldol condensation. Connizzarro reaction, nucleophilic addition reaction to >C=O groups.

Carboxylic acids : Electronic structure of-COOH, Nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical properties and effect of substituents on a-carbon on acid strength, chemical reactions.

Derivatives of carboxylic acids : Electronic structure of acid chloride, acid anhydride, ester and amide groups, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives. Some commercially important compounds.

Unit :26 Organic Compounds with functional group containing nitrogen

- Structure, nomenclature of nitro, amino, cyano and diazo compounds.

- Nitro compounds – important methods of preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions.

- Amines : primary, secondary and tertiary amines, a general awareness, important methods of preparation, physical properties, basic character of amines, chemical reactions.

- Cyanides and isocyanides : preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions.

- Diazonium salts : Preparation, chemical reaction and uses of benzene diazonium chloride. Some commercially important nitrogen containg carbon compounds, (aniline, TNT)

Unit :27 Polymers

Classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation: addition-free radical, cationic, anionic polymerization, copolymerisation, natural rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubbers, condensation polymers, idea of macromolecules, biodegradable polymers.

Some commercially important polymers (PVC, teflon, polystyrene, nylon-6 and 66, terylene and bakelite).

Unit :28 Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollutions, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid-rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming – pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for controlling environmental pollution.

Unit :29 Biomolecules

Carbohydrates : Classification, aldose and ketose, monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); important simple chemical reactions of glucose, elementary idea of structure of pentose and hexose.

Proteins : Elementary idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins; primary, secondary and tertiary structure of proteins and quaternary structure (gualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins : Classification and functions

Nucleic acids : Chemical composition of DNA and RNA

Lipids : Classification and structure

Hormones : Classification and functions in biosystem.

Unit :30 Chemistry in everyday life

- Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antacids, antihistamins.

- Chemicals in food – preservativess, artificial sweetening agents.

- Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

- Rocket propellants : characteristics and chemicals used.


Unit : 1 Diversity in Living World

Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind

What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids (Botanical gardens, herbaria, museums, zoological parks); Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.

Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system); Major groups of each kingdom alongwith their salient features (Monera, including Archaebacteria and Cyanobacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia); Viruses; Lichens

Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms);

Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.

Unit : 2 Cell : The Unit of Life ; Structure and Function

Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.

Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells. Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.

Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.

Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.

Unit : 3 Genetics and Evolution

Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;

Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.

DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation; Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.

Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism.

Unit : 4 Structure and Function – Plants

Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants;

Anatomy and function of root, stem(including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;

Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.

Mineral nutrition – Macro- and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism.

Photosynthesis – Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; Various pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors .

Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations.

Unit : 5 Structure and Function - Animals


Elementary knowledge of morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of earthworm, cockroach and frog.

Human Physiology – Digestive system - organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases. Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.

Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function

Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.

Control and co-ordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.

Unit : 6 Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants

Asexual methods of reproduction; Sexual Reproduction - Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and apomixis).

Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement; Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo- periodism; Vernalisation; Various types of movements.

Unit : 7 Reproduction and Development in Humans

Male and female reproductive systems; Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation; Embryo development; Pregnancy and parturition; Birth control and contraception.

Unit : 8 Ecology and Environment

Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.

Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax.

Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web; Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.

Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.

Biodiversity – Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries)

Environmental Issues – Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change; Ozonedepletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species (Hot Spots).

Unit : 9 Biology and Human Welfare

Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and helminths, and their control.

Cancer; AIDS.

Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;

Basic concepts of immunology.

Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement.

Biofertilisers (green manure, symbiotic and free-living nitrogen-fixing microbes, mycorrhizae);

Biopesticides (micro-organisms as biocontrol agents for pests and pathogens); Bioherbicides;

Microorganisms as pathogens of plant diseases with special reference to rust and smut of wheat, bacterial leaf blight of rice, late blight of potato, bean mosaic, and root - knot of vegetables.

Bioenergy – Hydrocarbon - rich plants as substitute of fossil fuels.

Unit : 10 Biotechnology and its Applications

Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;

Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation.

Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, DNA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants.

Applications of R-DNA technology. In human health –Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy. In Industry – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to scale up bioprocesses. In Agriculture – GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and pest-resistance including Bt crops.


IPMT Pre Preliminary exam 2010, CBSE PMT pre 2010

All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination,2010 or AIMPT 2010 preliminary exam will be held on April 03, 2010, 10.00 A.M to 1.00 P.M. AIPMT is conducted by the Central Board Of Secondary Education (CBSE),Delhi.

The AIPMT main (final) exam will be held on May 16, 2010, 10.00 A.M to 1.00 P.M. All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination,2010 is being conducted exclusively for the 15% merit positions for the Medical/Dental Colleges spread across India.


Anna University Examination Schedule for MCA/MBA/M.E/M.Tech/M.Sc(2yrs&5yrs)/B.Sc./PTBE-Nov./Dec.-2009

Here is the timetable /Examination Schedule for MCA/MBA/M.E/M.Tech/M.Sc(2yrs&5yrs)/B.Sc./PTBE-Nov./Dec.-2009. To get the detailed timetable of Anna University MCA/MBA/M.E/M.Tech/M.Sc/B.Sc./PTBE exam, please visit the official website of Anna University: http://www.annauniv.edu/coe/schedulepg.htm

M.C.A. - (R-2005)
M.B.A. - (R-2005)
M.Sc.(2 years) (R-2003)
M.Sc.(5 years) (R-2002)
M.Sc.(5 years) (R-2003)
B.Sc. (R-2003)
PTBE - (R-2002)
PTBE - (R-2005)


Here is the comprehensive timetable for BE/BArch exam 2009 of Anna university. You can find further details on http://www.annauniv.edu/coe/schedule.htm

Examination Schedule for B.E/B.Tech./B.Arch. Nov./Dec. -2009 (Regulations - 2004)

B.E /B.Tech. ANNUAL PATTERN Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. (V Sem.) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech.( I Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. (VI Sem.) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( II Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch.(VII Sem.) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( III Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. (VIII Sem.) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( IV Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)
B.Arch.(IX Sem.)&(X Sem.) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2004)

Examination Schedule for B.E/B.Tech./B.Arch.- Nov./Dec. -2009 (Regulations - 2001)

B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( I Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( VI Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( II Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( VII Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch.(III Semester) Nov./Dec.-2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( VIII Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch.(IV Semester) Nov./Dec.-2009 (R-2001)
B.Arch. ( IX Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( V Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2001)

Examination Schedule for B.E/B.Tech./B.Arch.- Nov./Dec. -2009 (Regulations - 2008)

B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( II Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2008)
B.E /B.Tech./B.Arch. ( III Semester ) Nov./Dec. -2009 (R-2008)


Direct To Home TV Services in India, DTH TV Providers

The DTH TV scene in India is already hot as there are around half a dozen service providers in the DTH TV service arena that includes biggies like Reliance, Airtel and Tata along with DTH veteran Dish TV, Sun Direct DTH and Videocon. Here is useful and comprehensive information on various DTH service providers in India, along with their plans and packages.

Sun Direct DTH Packages

Sun Direct DTH Top-up

Sun Direct DTH Channels List


Big TV Packages

Tata Sky Channels

Tata Sky Packages

Airtel Digital TV

Airtel Digital TV Packages

Dish TV Packages

Dish TV Channels List

Dish TV Top


Haryana Elections live counting results, Haryana Assembly Elections vote counting live results, Haryana Assembly Elections 2009 Vote counting

The fate of 1,222 candidates, including the Haryana CM Bhupinder Singh Hooda, will be decided on Thursday, October 22, 2009 when the counting for the 90-member Haryana assembly takes place tomorrow.

As part of security arrangements, a three-tier cordoning system has been put in place, Chief Electoral Officer Sajjan Singh said.

Some other important contestants are former chief minister Om Prakash Chautala, INLD secretary general Ajay Chautala, Haryana Janhit Congress-BL Chief Kuldeep Bishnoi, presidents of BJP and BSP units of Haryana Krishan Pal Gujjar and Parkash Bharti.

Haryana saw a multi-cornered poll contest with Congress (90), BJP (90), INLD-SAD alliance (90), BSP (86), HJC-BL (87) putting up a total of 443 candidates out of a total of 1,222.


Arunachal Pradesh Elections live counting results, Arunachal Pradesh Assembly Elections vote counting live results, Arunachal Pradesh Assembly Elections 2009 Vote counting

It is time for the election results of Arunachal Pradesh assembly. The elections were held on 13th of October 2009. The voters of Arunachal Pradesh turned out in large numbers and sent a strong message to China, which claims the state as a disputed territory.

Congress looks all set to get the majority to form the next government in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Over 72 per cent voters cast votes at 2000 polling stations set up across the state on the very day when China protested PM Manmohan Singh's visit to campaign for the Congress candidates.

The elction results for Arunachal Pradesh assembly will be out by the evening of October 22, 2009. Lets keep the fingers crossed till then!


punjab national bank, PNB online application, punjab national bank recruitment 2009, pnb bank, Punjab National Bank requires Officer (IT-Banking Domain) (227 Posts) vacancy

PNB Officer (IT-Banking Domain) recruitment | PNB Vacancy

Punjab National bank (PNB) has announced recruitment for Officer (IT-Banking Domain) recruitment. The post of PNB Officer has 227 vacancies. PNB officer vacancy can be filled online by visiting the Punjab national Bank website: http://pnbindia.com/english_web/pnb_recruit.htm

Candidates can find other information such as opening and closing date of online registration and the fee structure and eligibility criteria.


up police constable recruitment 2009 admit card, up police vacancies, Uttar Pradesh police recruitment, up police website, uttar pradesh police

For all information related to vacancy and recruitment in UP Police, you can log on to the official recruitment website of UP police: http://uppolrecpro.gov.in . The website provides all information related to various vacancies in UP police and eligibility criteria for each post. You can also fill the vacancy form online and also check the status of your application form online on the website: http://uppolrecpro.gov.in


DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) has declared the SET exam 2009 results DRDO SET stands for Scientist Entry Test. the SET 2009 exam result was announced on Wednesday. The written exam for DRDO SET 2009 was held on September 6, 2009. DRDO SET 2009 result is available on http://rac.drdo.in/ web link. The direct link to DRDO SET 2009 result is: http://rac.drdo.in/cgibin/set_2009_iview/cdetails.php

candidates can get all the interview details on the website. All you have to do is to enter your application No. or Name to view the details of DRDO SET 2009 results and interview details.


typewriting results Tamil andu, Tamil Nadu Type Writing Exam Results 2009: Directorate of Technical Education, Tamil Nadu Declares Exam Result of TypeWriting 2009

For information on Tamil Nadu Type Writing Exam 2009 results, you can visit the official website of Tamil Nadu Directorate of Technical Education/TNDTE, Chennai. To know about the status of the tamilnadu typewriting exam result 2009 , you can log on to the link below: http://www.tndte.com/


Institute of Chartered Accountants of India final exam november 2009 admit card, Download ICAI PCE, PE-II And Final Exam Admit Card

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India/ ICAI is conducting final exam in november 2009. The candidates who are appearing in the ICAI final exam 2009 can download their admit card from the official website of The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). Just log on to the following site and enter the required details and download your icai admit card !



PV Narasimha Rao Expressway is a 11.633 kilometre long corridor built on National Highway . It has been built to connect to the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad.

The PV Narasimha Rao Expressway is an elevated corridor starting from Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Mehdipatnam to Aaramgarh junction on National Highway-7.

The expressway narrows from two lanes (7.5 metre width) to oneand- half lane (6 mtrs) at three locations, between Pier 84 and Pier 88 (Laxminagar), Pier 208 and Pier 212 (Upparpally) and Pier 298 and Pier 302 (Shivarampally) for a length of 190 metres at each location.


Bharti Airtel today has launched its mobile comics portal. Here, the subscribers can access comic strips from their mobile phones. According to information received from the company, the mobile comics service would be available on its mobile entertainment portal, Airtel Live.

Airtel comics portal offers subscribers with access to more than 300 Indian and international comic characters. These comic characters also include Akbar, Birbal, Popeye as well as comics supplied by Amar Chitra Katha. This can be accessed via Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

Airtel customers can access the Airtel mobile comics portal service by texting COMICS or COMIC to 54321.


Happy Dhanteras 2009 to all of you. May this Dhanteras bring lots of luck and prosperity to all of us! To make your Dhanteras more fun, we are, here, providing you some very good Dhanteras sms messages:

gv 10 thngs in lyf
T=T alent
S=S aubhagya
wish u & ur family
Happy Dhanterash

Laxmi devi ka nur aapke upar barse,har koi apse loan lene ko tarse,Bhagvan aapko de THELE bhar bhar ke paise, ki aap chiller pane ko tarse.

Dinodin badhta jaye apka karobar, pariwar me bana rahe sneh aur pyar, hoti rahe sada apar dhanki bochar, aisa ho apka DHANTERAS ka tyohar.

God's blessing may cum as
a surprise
And how much U receive
Depends on how much
Ur Heart can believe.
May U be blessed beyond
wat U expect..
"Subh Dhanteras".

Deepak ki roshni Mithayio ki mithas Patako ki bochar Dan Daan ki barsat Har pal Har din Aapke liye laye Danteras ka tyohar Happy Danteras


It is that time of the year again when we all forget everything and immerse ourselves in celebration. It is Dhanteras today! Happy Dhanteras to all our readers! May this day bring prosperity and happiness to all of us!

Dhanteras festival is the 1st day of the five-day long Diwali Festival. On this day, Hindus all over buy gold and other precious metals in the belief it would bring prosperity and good luck. Dhanteras is also known as "Dhantrayodashi" or "Dhanwantari Triodasi". It falls on the auspicious thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Ashwin (October/November.

Happy Dhanteras 2009!


Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2010, gate online application, gate 2010 online application form, gate 2010 application, gate 2010 online

IIT Guwahati is oragnising the GATE 2010 exam. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an all India examination, which is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science/IISC and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on behalf of the National
Coordination Board - GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India.

For all information related to GATE 2010 online application and how to fill up the form including the exam fee, can be obtained from the official website of GATE 2010. You can log on to http://www.iitk.ac.in/gate/online/ to get all information on GASTE 2010 online application form and other important details.


Kerala DHSE plus one improvement result, plus one improvement results, plus one result, dhsekerala results, HSE school wise result

Kerala Higher Secondary Examination/HSE 2009 First Year Improvement result has been announced. Kerala HSE first yr results have been announced schoolwise.

Students those who are waiting for their HSE improvement results can now check their scores at the following site: http://results.kerala.nic.in/dhsefyimp09/


rangoli designs with flowers, diwali rangoli designs, rangoli designs images, rangoli flower petals, rangoli pictures designs

Come Diwali and people all over India and Indians living abroad start decorating their homes with all kind of stuffs. One of the most pious and popular forms of decoration all over India is Rangoli. Rangoli is known by different names in different parts of India but the theme remains the same. Rangoli is mede using natural colours, flowers and other stuff. There are various patterns and designs of Rangoli. To help our readers with various Rangoli patterns and designs, we have sorted out some resources on the web. This will help you to make own Diwali Rangoli designs and patterns.






diwali greetings, diwali greeting cards, diwali festival greetings, diwali greetings cards, diwali greetings images

It is that time of the year again! Yes! you guessed it right! we are talking about Diwali, the festivals of light. Diwali is the time to share our joys and sorrows and pray to the Almighty for a prosperous and happy future. We wish all our near and dear ones in different ways on Diwali. All of us decorate our home and surroundings with Diwali pictures and wallpapers. here is an awesome Diwali wallpaper resource which you can use for your PC and also take out print -outs to decorate other places. Happy Diwali 2009!



Punjab School Education Board 8th class 2009 supplementary results, pseb 8th class result, punjab school education board 8th class result 2009, punjab school education board

Punjab School Education Board /PSEB has announced the 8th class supplementary exam result. PSEB has declared the supplementary results for Middle Supplemntary and Middle (Open School). You can view your PSEB middle supplementary exam 2009 results at the following site: http://www.pseb.ac.in/MiddleSupResult.aspx


Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education Supplementary results, HP board supplimentary Class 10th, 11th and 12th results 2009, h.p board 12th supplementary result, hp board 10th result

Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education has announced the Supplementary exam results. Supplementary exams were held by the HP Board for class 10th, 11th and 12th.

You can find the HP board supplementary results 2009 for Class 10th, 11th and 12th at www.ExamResults.net and http://results.himachaleducation.net.


idbi bank vacancy 2009, idbi bank recruitment 2009, idbi bank ltd, idbi bank careers, idbi recruitment 2009, IDBI Executive, Asst Manager, Manager and Assistant General Manager jobs

IDBI (Industrial Development Bank of India) has started the recruitment process for the posts of executives and officers. The full details of the IDBI recruitment 2009 for the post of Executives and Officers in various grades will be announced soon. IDBI website says that the detailed advertisement for the post of Executive, Asst Manager, Manager and Assistant General Manager will be displayed shortly. For more information on various posts of IDBI bank, you can visit following link to see the further details: www.idbi.com/idbi/careers.asp


maharashtra election vote count results, maharashtra election 2009 voting count, Maharashtra elections 2009 vote counting

Maharashtra Assembly election 2009 concluded on Tuesday, October 13, 2009. This time, the election campaign in Maharashtra saw contestants of all the parties stooping to the lowest level. Its time to know the results of the Maharashtra assembly elections 2009. According to the information from election commission, the counting of votes for Maharashtra assembly will begin on october 22, 2009 and all the results are expected to be known in a few hours. Lets keep the fingers crossed! We will bring live and updated news on Maharashtra Assembly elections 2009 results.


www.comedk.org, Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMED-K) Application form 2010,COMEDK Online Application, COMEDK Entrance test Date 2010

Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMED-K) organises a common entrance test for the academic year 2010-2011.

COMEDK was set up as a means of effective, fair and objective testing procedure to determine merit of students interested in seeking admissions to the Under Graduate Medical, Dental and Engineering courses of the Member Institutions. For more information on COMDEK 2010 admission, application form and entrance test, you can log on to the official website: www.comedk.org


DSC 2008 Merit List, DSC 2008 Results Online, DSC Result & Merit List 2008

The much awaited DSC results 2008 are out now. It is a big respite for thousands of students who were eagerly awaiting for DSC 2008 merit list. The government of Andhra Pradesh has published the District Selection Committee (DSC) 2008 exam merit list. A total of 52,655 teachers will be recruited through DSC examinations. Through the DSC exam 12, 252 assistant teachers, 30,558 secondary grade teachers and 7018 language teachers will be recruited. You can see the DCS merit list 2008 at http://www.stuap.org/DSC2008_STATE/. There is option of viewing the DSC exam 2008 merit list districtwise.


Diwali is celebrated with lots of deity and devotion all over India and across the world. People decorate their homes and offices with lights and various types of colourful decorations like Rangoli. People greet each other with messages of Diwali and cards. Here are some very good sources of Diwali pictures that you can browse on internet. These pictures include Diwali Diyas, Diwali crackers and so on...Happy Diwali 2009!






Diwali is one of the most celebrated festivals in India. Diwali or depavali is celebrated by Indians all over the world. Diwali symbolises victory of truth over evil. On the day of Diwali, people worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi, who is considered the Goddess of wealth and prosperity. People greet each other by messages and Diwali cards. here are a few Diwali greetings resources:





Wishing all of you a happy and prosperous Diwali 2009!


Maharshi Dayanand University Rohtak Bed 2009 examination result, MDU Rohtak BEd exam results

Maharshi Dayanand University Rohtak conducts BED/Bachelor of education programme for those who want to pursue a career in the field of teaching and education. For all the latest and updates on MDU Rohtak BEd exam and results, you can log on to the official website of Maharshi Dayanand University Rohtak: mdurohtak.com


Following is the list of channels provided by Sun Direct DTH:

1.Rajya sabha*
2.DD saptagiri*
4.DD malyalam*
6.DD gujrathi*
8.Total tv*
9.PTC news*
10.Time tv*
11.Sun tv*
12.K tv
13.Sun music
14.Sun news*
15.Chutti tv
16.DD national*
17.DD news*
18.DD sports*
19.DD urdu*
20.DD india*
21.DD bharathi*
22.DD bagala*
23.DD chandana*
24.DD Kashmir*
25.DD northeast*
26.DD oriya*
27.DD podhigai*
28.DD Punjabi*
29.Lok sabha*
30.Raj tv
31.Raj digital plus
32.Raj music
33.Kalaignar tv
34.Jaya tv*
35.Makkal tv
36.Win tv*
37.SS music
39.Tara news
45.Day star
49.Star Utsav
50.B4U music
51.Sur Sangeet
53.Zee smile*
54.Etc Punjabi
55.Zee music*
58.Zee jagran*
59.Balle Balle
60.YO music
62.Akash bangala
63.Lemon tv
64.Care tv
69.Asianet news
70.Asianet plus
75.Malayala manorama
76.Indus vision
77.Kairali *
78.Kairali people
79.ETV urdu
80.Aaj tak
82.Asianet news
83.Asianet plus

1.*Channels available in DD direct+ (35 channels)
2.11 telugu or 10 kannada channels will be available for additional cost of Rs.25
3.Kannada udaya,udaya varthagalu,u2,udaya movies, etv kannada
4.Telugu channels Gemini, teja, Gemini music, Gemini news, etv, etv2,maa tv


Following is the list of channels provided by Dish TV:

2.Zee Sports
3.Ten Sports
4.Star Sports
6.Zee News
7.Aaj Tak
9.Headlines Today
10.Total TV
13.Animal Planet
15.Zee Cinema
17.Star Gold
18.Cartoon Network
19.National Geographic
21.ETC Punjabi
22.NE TV
23.N TV
24.SS Music
25.Jaya TV
27.Akash Bangla
28.ETV Marathi
30.Zee Trendz
31.Fashion TV
32.Zee Jagran
36.TV5 Asia (French)
37.Zee Music
39.MTV Music
40.MH1 Music
41.Balle Balle
42.B4U Music
43.Zee Smile
44.Siti Channel
45.Play TV
47.Star Utsav


Follwoing is the list of Airtel Digital TV Channels :

1.Diney Channel
4.Channel V
6.B4U Music
9.DD Bharati
12.Star world
13.ZEE Cafe
14.Set MAX
15.ZEE Cinema
16.Star Gold
17.Sahara Filmy
18.UTV Movies
19.Star Movies
22.ZEE Studio
23.World movies
24.Star News
25.ZEE News
26.Aaj Tak
27.India TV
28.NDTV India
29.DD News
30.IBN 7
31.News 24
32.DD Lok Sabha
33.DD Rajya Sabha
34.CNBC Awaz
35.ZEE Business
36.ETV Bihar
37.ETV Rajsthan
39.Discovery Travel & Living
40.NDTV Good Times
42.Zee Trendz
43.Star Plus
44.Zee TV
45.Sony TV
46.Star One
48.Star Utsav
52.Animal Planet
55.Star Sports
56.Star Cricket
57.Neo Sports
58.Neo Cricket
59.Ten Sports
60.Zee Sports
61.DD Sports
62.DD Gyandarshan
63.Cartoon Network
65.Hungama TV
66.Toon Disney
68.Sahara One
69.NDTV Imagine
70.9X Entertaiment
71.DD National
72.Sab TV
73.Times Now
74.NDTV 24X7
76.Headlines Today
77.CNBC TV18
78.NDTV Profit
80.BBC World News

Worldspace Radio Channels

1.ZEE Gujarati
2.ETV Oriya
4.ETV Urdu
5.DD Urdu
6.DD Kashir
7.NE Tv
8. Aastha
10.GOd TV
11.Help Channel
12.Zee Kannada
13.TV9 Kannada
15.Surya TV
16.Kiran Tv
17.Manorama News
18.Kairali TV
19.Asianet Plus
21.Zee Punjabi
22.PTC Punjabi
23.ETV Gujarati
24.TV9 Telugu
25.Zee Bangala
26.ETV Bangla
27.Akash Bangla
28.Star Ananda
29.24 Ghanta
30.Star Jolsha
31.Zee Marathi
32.ETV Marathi
33.Star Majha
34.Zee Talkies
35.Udaya TV
36.Sun Tv
38.Star Vijay
40.Jaya TV
41.Sun Music
42.Chhutti TV
43.Raj TV
44.Sun News
45.Jaya Plus
47.Gemini TV
48.Eenadu TV
49.Teja TV
50.Maa TV
55.Up Country


Sundirect dth add ons, sun direct dth add on packs, sun-direct topups

The company also provides with the following add ons to its subscribers :

1.Jupiter – Rs 195
2.Venus+ - Rs 130
3.Neptune+ - Rs 155
4.Neptune – Rs 90
5.Venus – Rs 80
6.Mercury+ - Rs 70
7.Pluto Super – Rs 55
8.Mercury Super – Rs 52
9.Mercury – Rs 50
10.Pluto+ - Rs 50
11.Sun Bouquet – Rs 30
12.Kannada – Rs 20
13.Marathi – Rs 20
14.Gujarati – Rs 151
15.Pluto – Rs 27
16.Bengali – Rs 30
17.New Bouquet – Rs 27
18.My Hindi Pack – Rs 30
19.Music Pack – Rs 10
20.Punjabi – Rs 20
21.Oriya – Rs 15
22.Telgu – Rs 30
23.Tamil – Rs 10
24.Sports Packs and Alacarte Packs

A.Jumbo Pack – South

Code : 016 , Price Rs 300 p.m, 32 channels

B.Jumbo Pack – North

Code : 015 , Price Rs 300 p.m, 30 channels


Sun direct dth plan, sundirect dth pack, sun-direct dth packages

Sun Direct is a joint venture between the Astro Group of Malaysia and Maran family. It is a DTH satellite television provider in India. Sun direct achiever 1 million subscribers in just 200 days as it offered Dish and Set-top box for free and basic monthly plan as low as Rs. 75.

Following are the packs offered by the company :

A.For North

1.Price Rs. 1775 , Validity – 6 months, dish and set top box free
2.Price Rs 2175, Validity – 10 months , dish and set top box free

B.For South

1.Price Rs. 1690 , Validity – 6 months , dish and set top box free
2.Price Rs. 2240 , Validity – 12 months, dish and set top box free

C.For South Customers

1.a )Freedom Tamil – Code : 032 , Price Rs 990 , 130 + channels , 12 months subscription
b) Freedom Tamil – Code : 033, Price Rs 440 , 130+ channels, 6 months subscription

2.a) Freedom Telgu - Code : 034 , Price Rs 990 , 130 + channels , 12 months subscription
b) Freedom Telgu - Code : 035 , Price Rs 440 , 130 + channels , 6 months subscription

3. a)Freedom Kannada - Code : 036 , Price Rs 990 , 130 + channels , 12 months subscription
b) Freedom Kannada - Code : 037 , Price Rs 440 , 130 + channels , 6 months subscription

4. a)Freedom Malayalam - Code : 038 , Price Rs 990 , 130 + channels , 12 months subscription
b) Freedom Malayalam - Code : 039 , Price Rs 440 , 130 + channels , 6 months subscription

D.For Non South Customers

1.a) Shine Pack – Code : 045 , Price Rs 925 , 130+ channels, 10 months subscription
b) Shine Pack – Code : 046 , Price Rs 525 , 130+ channels, 6 months subscription

2.a)Bengali Shine Pack - Code : 058 , Price Rs 925 , 130+ channels, 10 months subscription
b) Bengali Shine Pack - Code : 059 , Price Rs 525 , 130+ channels, 6 months subscription

3.a) Oriya Shine Pack - Code : 060 , Price Rs 925 , 130+ channels, 10 months subscription
b)Oriya Shine Pack - Code : 061 , Price Rs 525 , 130+ channels, 6 months subscription

4.a) Jammu and Kashmir Shine Pack - Code : 065 , Price Rs 925 , 130+ channels, 10 months subscription
b) Jammu and Kashmir Shine Pack - Code : 066 , Price Rs 525 , 130+ channels, 6 months subscription


Dish tv topups, dish tv top – up, dishtv top ups

Following are the top ups provided by dish tv to its subscribers with which they can top up their channels on monthly basis.

1.Extreme Cartoons – Code : 2525, Rs 45 plus tax p.m / 7 channels
2.Extreme Entertainer – Code : 2430, Rs 45 plus tax p.m , 8 channels
3.Extreme Lifestyle – Code : 2430, Rs 45 plus tax p.m , 7 channels
4.Extreme English – Code :2450, Rs 45 plus tax p.m , 8 channels
5.Extreme News/Biz – Code : 2616, Rs 45 plus tax p.m , 8 channels
6.Extreme Sports – Code 2661 , Rs 45 plus tax p.m , 5 channels
7.Extreme Movies – Code :2205 , Rs 45 plus tax p.m , 6 channels
8.Explorer – Code : 625 , Rs 35 plus tax p.m , 4 channels
9.UTV Pack – Code : 211 plus tax p.m , 2 channels
10.Colourful – Colours Code : 111, Rs 20 plus tax p.m
11.Telgu Superstars – Code : 890, Rs 30 plus tax p.m , 5 channels
12.Kannada Mania – Code : 880 , Rs 30 plus tax p.m , 15 channels
13.Tamil Bonnanza – Code : 903 , Rs 30 plus tax p.m , 17 channels
14.Sampoorna Malayalam – Code : 922 , Rs 30 plus tax p.m , 9 channels
15.TVS Monde – Rs 800 plus tax for 12 months.


Dish tv plan, dish tv packages, dish subscription pack

Dish TV was launched by Essel Group's Zee Entertainment Enterprises in 2004. Dish TV is like having your own satellite up in the sky as it brings high quality programs straight from the satellite to your home.

With The KING KHAN advertising “WISH KARO-DISH KARO” , Dish TV has brought the Indian Television at par with the global entertainment industry.

Following are the offers and packs given by the company :

A.All India Festival Offers

1.Price Rs 1990 - 3 months Platinum/South Platinum + colors + Assured UTV Pack.
2. Price Rs 1950 - 3 months Gold/South Gold + colors + Assured UTV Pack
3.Price Rs 1890 - 3 months Silver/South Silver + Assured UTV Pack
4.Price Rs 1990 - 3 Months Child Pack

B.UP Offer

1.Price Rs 1990 – Get 3 months Platinum/South Platinum + colors + Assured UTV Pack free
2.Price Rs 1990 - 3 Months Child Pack

C.Rest Of India

1.Silver Pack –Rs 113 p.m , 135 channels
2.Gold – Rs 190 p.m , 155 channels
3.Platinum – Rs 283 p.m , 185 channels
4.Titanium Annual – Rs 3617 p.a , 188 channels
5.Child Pack – Rs 185 , for 28 cities Rs 150 and other cities Rs 204

D.South Pack

1.South Silver Pack – Rs 113 p.m , 135 channels
2.South Gold Pack – Rs 190 p.m, 155 channels
3.South Platinum Pack – Rs 283 p.m, 185 channels
4.Titanium Annual Pack – Rs 3617 p.a, 188 channels
5.Child Pack – Rs 3617 p.a, 185 channels


Airtel digit v topups, airtel digital tv top-ups, airtel digital tv top up

Apart from the subscription packs bharti airtel also provides its consumers with easy monthly top ups that allows you to enjoy your favorite channels and also save money.

Following is the list of TOP UPS that the company provides :

A.New Arrivals – The latest top ups introduced by the company are –
1.Cine Plus – Rs 35 p.m/ Rs 350 p.a , 4 channels
2.Kids Plus – Rs 20 p.m/ Rs 00 p.a , 2 channels
3.Mega Sports Plus – Rs 90 p.m / Rs 900 p.a, 7 channels
4.Hindi Plus – Rs 45 p.m / Rs 450 p.a , 8 channels
5.Colours – Rs 20 p.m , Rs 200 p.a
6.Hindi Movies Plus – Rs 30 p.m , 5 channels
7.Hindi Entertainment Plus – Rs 35 p.m , 4 channels
8.Star Gold – Rs 10 p.m

B.Featured – The featured top ups are –
1.ESPN Plus- Rs 45 p.m
2.Music Plus – Rs 25 p.m , 4 channels
3.Zee Plus – Rs 20 p.m , 3 channels
4.Lifestyle Plus – Rs 20 p.m , 3 channels

C.More Top Ups – Apart from these there are certain other top ups which are as follows
1.Discovery Plus – Rs 20 p.m , 2 channels
2.Ten Sports – Rs 60 plus tax for 6 motnhs
3.English News Plus – Rs 35 p.m , 5 channels
4.Hindi News Plus – Rs 15 p.m , 3 channels
5.Neo Plus – Rs 30 p.m , 2 channels
6.Zee Sports – Rs 50 plus tax for 6 months
7.Star Cricket – Rs 20 p.m
8.South Plus – Rs 75 p.m , 27 channels
9.Tamil Top Up – Rs 20 p.m , 5 channels
10.Telgu Top Up – Rs 20 p.m , 4 channels
11.Kannada Top Up – Rs 25 p.m , channels
12.Malayalam top Up – Rs 30 p.m , 7 channels
13.Set Max – Rs 20 p.m
14.Punjabi Plus – Rs 15 p.m , 2 channels
15.Zee Marathi – Rs 10 p.m
16.Zee Talkies – Rs 10 p.m
17.Zee Punjabi – Rs 10 p.m
18.Zee Bengali – Rs 10 p.m
19.ETC Punjabi – Rs 10 p.m
20.Kasturi – Rs 10 p.m
21.West Plus – Rs 25 p.m , 5 channels
22.East Plus – Rs 15 p.m , 6 channels

D.Other Top Ups
1.I Cricket – Rs 15 p.m
2.Topper – Rs 1000 for 12 months(inclusive of taxes)
3.Worldspace Radio – 10 p.m , 10 channels
4.I Free Kick – Rs 15 p.m


Airtel digit tv, airtel tv, airtel tv pack, airtel digital tv subscription packs, airtel digital tv plans

Bharti Airtel bought magic to many homes by introducing Airtel Digital TV. The largest telecom operator in India provided a direct to home (DTH) service that uses MPEG-4 digital compression with DVB-S2 technology, transmitting using INSAT 4CR 74°E.

Following are the latest packages offered by the company :

1.Airtel 1750 package
Price: 1750/,No of Channels: 123 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 2 Months subscription of Economy Pack

2.Airtel 1750 package
Price: 1750/,No of Channels: 123 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 3 Months subscription of Economy Pack.

3.Airtel 1990 package
Price: 1990/,No of Channels: 140 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 3months subscription of New Mega Pack

4.Airtel 2150 package
Price: 2150/,No of Channels: 147 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 3 Months Subscription of Ultra Pack

5.Airtel 2750 package
Price: 2750/,No of Channels: 140 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 6months subscription of New Mega Pack

6.Airtel 2950 package
Price: 2950/,No of Channels: 82 / Offers / Promotions : 12 months of New Value Pack

7.Airtel 3250 package
Price: 3250/,No of Channels: 123 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 12mnths subscription of Economy Pack

8.Airtel 4350 package
Price: 4350/,No of Channels: 141 / Offers / Promotions : Inclusive of 12mnths subscription of New Mega Pack.